The Loader: Technical Characteristics and Uses
A loader or wheel loader is a civil engineering machine commonly used on construction sites. Its main feature is its ability to quickly transport / move a significant amount of materials from one point to another.
The Types Of Work To Be Done With The Loader
This construction machine essentially allows:
· Clear and level surfaces after excavation
· Back-filling hollow spaces (holes, trenches)
· Have handling activities (loading/unloading)
The Composition Of The Loader
The loader consists of a loader bucket (not to be confused with the digging bucket used for digging) with a maximum storage capacity of 1500 liters, a motor, a stabilizer, and a cab.
The Different Models
There are about 4 types of existing loaders on the market:
· The compact wheel loader
· The compact track loader
· The wheel loader less than 4500 liters
· The wheel loader exceeds 4500 liters
Note that Crawler Loaders provide better stability in hard to reach areas but the speed of travel makes them impractical.
The choice of the loader will depend on the type of terrain (tracks for difficult terrain and tires when there are significant distances to travel), accessibility (favor compact urban and small jobs) and the amount of land to move (for storage capacity).
Good Practices And Points Of Vigilance
Here is a set of tips for improving risk prevention:
· Before starting, check the gear and the visibility;
· Keep the loader clean and do not carry flammable products;
· Put on your seat belt of course. Especially since it is necessary for the protection measures against crushing, during a reversal of the machine, are effective.
· Neutralize underground networks;
· Lower the hydraulic system pressure before any action;
· Have clothes adapted to the working conditions;
· Mark a clear axis of circulation;
· Ensure the safety of personnel by marking areas that are closed to traffic;
· Do not run with the loader up for better stability, better visibility, and avoid falling materials that will cause damage or an accident;
· Be very careful when the work is near a power line (overhead or underground cable)! If your loader touches this line it will be energized. Anyone near the live loader may be electrocuted.